What does self-efficacy mean in our daily lives? If I believe I can do it, I can do it! I will overcome the obstacles in my way!
Several decades ago Bandura described self-efficacy as "a belief’ in one’s capabilities to mobilize the motivation, cognitive resources, and courses of action needed to meet situational demands".
The majority of us will encounter obstacles on a daily basis. With exposure, practice, success and even a little coaching from an external source we learn to overcome these obstacles. However we may encounter a time in our lives when the obstacles appear too great to overcome. Such as when developing an unexpected illness and/or sustaining injuries which prevent us from working and carrying on in our daily lives.
Effects of illness or injury
As a clinician, I see a wide range of how an illness or injury affects my clients and their families. Ten individuals can have the same diagnosis, yet it affects each individual in completely different aspects. How is it that some individuals seem to be able to overcome such adversity and others not so, even when it appears that the illness or injury is less severe?
Psychosocial factor: self-efficacy
The old cliché "the mind is a powerful thing" is not that far off. There are many psychosocial factors that potentially influence our ability to embrace the challenges of recovery and rehabilitation, and these factors are influenced by those around us and our specific circumstances. Self-efficacy is one of these psychosocial factors. Our challenge in rehabilitation is to change the individual's thoughts and beliefs from "no I can't" to "yes I can"!